How to convert the usb flash drive format to fat32

If you need khổng lồ format a USB flash drive, HDD, SDD, or some other khung of storage khổng lồ FAT32, you"ve sầu come khổng lồ the right place.

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In this article we"ll go over what a tệp tin system is, the FAT32 standard, & several ways lớn format a storage device to FAT32 on Windows 10.

What"s a file system?

A file system is a standardized way of organizing data on a computer storage device lượt thích a flash drive sầu or HDD.

A tệp tin system divides a storage device into virtual compartments, almost like a wall of post office boxes, và keeps track of all the information that gets stored in each box.

Some of the most comtháng file system formats for portable storage devices are FAT32, NTFS, & ExFAT.

FAT32 compared to other formats

Of those three comtháng formats, FAT32 is the oldest and most widely supported. Every major operating system will allow you lớn read & write from a USB flash drive sầu that"s formatted lớn FAT32.

Meanwhile, macOS can only read NTFS drives, and you would need to lớn install third-buổi tiệc nhỏ software to lớn write baông chồng lớn the drive sầu.

However, though FAT32 is well supported, its maximum drive và tệp tin form size is severely limited when compared to newer formats like NTFS và ExFAT:

Max drive sizeMax file sizeWindowsmacOSLinux
FAT3232 GB (Windows), up to lớn 16TB (Other OSs)4 GBRead/WriteRead/WriteRead/Write
NTFS8 PB*16 EB**Read/WriteReadRead/Write
ExFAT128 PB*16 EB**Read/WriteRead/WriteRead/Write

* 1 petabyte is about 1 thousvà terabytes** 1 exabyte is about 1 million terabytes

lưu ý that the maximum drive và file kích thước of NTFS and ExFAT is so large that there"s basically no limit. (But it would be nice to lớn have sầu a 128 PB USB drive, wouldn"t it?)

On the other hand, FAT32"s max tệp tin size of 4 GB is almost nothing now that phones can record 4K videos. Also, it"s a little more difficult to lớn format a drive sầu larger than 32 GB khổng lồ FAT32 on Windows 10.

These days, the only reason why you"d choose to format a drive sầu to FAT32 is for compatibility. For example, if you need to lớn boot up an old computer, maybe with a different operating system, and backup some of its files. But you"d need lớn be sure that none of those files are greater than 4 GB.

If you"re sure you want to go with FAT32, here"s how to lớn format a storage drive on Windows 10.

Important note: Before you format a drive, make sure that you backup all of your important files. In fact, make two backups, and keep one on a remote service lượt thích Google Drive or Dropbox.

Formatting a drive sầu will delete all of the data that"s currently on it.

How to use Windows File Explorer to lớn format a USB drive lớn FAT32

A quiông chồng note about this method: it only works on USB flash drives that are less that 32 GB. If your USB drive sầu is larger than 32 GB, check out one of the later methods.

With that out of the way, plug your USB drive sầu into lớn your computer and open Windows File Explorer.

Next, right-cliông chồng on the drive sầu on the left hvà side of the File Explorer window & cliông xã "Format":


In the window that pops up, ensure that "FAT32" is selected. Also, feel không lấy phí to lớn rename the USB drive sầu whatever you"d like:


You can leave the rest of the options alone. Just click start lớn format your drive.

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Once it"s done, your USB drive should be formatted to lớn use the FAT32 tệp tin system.

To double check this, open File Explorer, right click on your USB drive, và clichồng "Properties".

A window will pop up và you should see that the tệp tin system is now FAT32:


How lớn use Rufus lớn format a USB drive lớn FAT32

If your USB drive is larger than 32 GB, you"ll need to use a third-các buổi party program like Rufus khổng lồ format it.

There are lots of other programs that can format USB drives, but Rufus is really small & portable. This means you can stick Rufus right on a USB drive sầu, plug it inlớn any Windows computer, và format other drives on the go.

After you download Rufus, double clichồng on the .exe file khổng lồ start the application.

Make sure your USB drive is selected. Then, cliông chồng the "Boot selection" dropdown & select "Non bootable":


Next, cliông xã the "File system" dropdown & select "FAT32".

Also, feel không lấy phí to change the name of your USB drive sầu under "Volume label":


Then, clichồng the "Start" button khổng lồ format your drive sầu. After a few seconds it"ll be formatted khổng lồ FAT32.

How to lớn use PowerShell to lớn format a USB drive sầu to lớn FAT32

While this method works with drives larger than 32 GB, it"s really slow – even formatting a 32 GB drive can take up to an hour depending on your computer.

But, if you aren"t able khổng lồ use the previous two methods for some reason, this will work in a pinch.

First, clichồng on the Windows Search Bar và type in "powershell". Then, click "Run as administrator" khổng lồ launch PowerShell with elevated privileges:


In the PowerShell terminal, enter the following command:


Use the File Explorer lớn double kiểm tra your drive letter. My drive sầu letter was D, so I entered format /FS:FAT32 D:.

Press Enter, make sure your USB drive sầu is plugged in, and press the Enter key again lớn start the process:


Then go run some errands or something – it will take awhile.

Once the format command is finished, your drive sầu should be formatted to lớn FAT32.

In closing

Now you should be able khổng lồ format a USB drive sầu of any size khổng lồ FAT32 on Windows 10. And with just a little modification, any of these methods can be used khổng lồ format your drive to lớn another file system like NTFS or ExFAT.

Now get out there và format all your USB drives. (But only after you backup everything important!)

Was this helpful? Is there a better method that you know of? Tweet at me & let me know how you format things on Windows 10.

Chuyên mục: Tin Tức